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[cdn-nucl-l] Multilateral Fuel Cycle Report
Approaches 1 and 4 make sense to me. 2 and 5 seem to be self-serving.
3 seems to be unrealistic.
Five suggested approaches
The objective of increasing non-proliferation assurances concerning
the civilian nu-clear fuel cycles, while preserving assurances of
supply and services around the world could be achieved through a set
of gradually introduced multilateral nuclear approaches (MNA):
1. Reinforcing existing commercial market mechanisms on a case-by-case
basis through long-term contracts and transparent suppliers
arrangements with government backing. Examples would be: fuel leasing
and fuel take-back, commercial offers to store and dispose of spent
fuel and commercial fuel banks.
2. Developing and implementing international supply guarantees with
IAEA participation. Different models should be investigated, notably
with the IAEA as guarantor of service supplies, e.g. as administrator
of a fuel bank.
3. Promoting voluntary conversion of existing facilities to MNAs, and
pursuing them as confidence-building measures, with the participation
of NPT non-nuclear weapon States and nuclear weapon States, and
4. Creating, through voluntary agreements and contracts,
multinational, and in particular regional, MNAs for new facilities
based on joint ownership, drawing rights or co-management for
front-end and back-end nuclear facilities, such as uranium enrichment;
fuel reprocessing; disposal and storage of spent fuel (and
combinations thereof). Integrated nuclear power parks would also serve
5. The scenario of a further expansion of nuclear energy around the
world might call for the development of a nuclear fuel cycle with
stronger multilateral arrangements by region or by continent - and
broader cooperation, involving the IAEA and the international community.
Randal Leavitt gnupg public key: bbbad04d
Registered User 267646 at http://counter.li.org/